There are many illnesses treated by bone marrow transplants. This section focuses on 2 main areas: blood cancers and disorders. Your doctor will also be able to tell you more about the conditions, and advise you accordingly. Every patient is different, and treatments for each condition vary.

For certain conditions such as Acute Myelogeneous Leukaemia (AML), Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL), the need for a transplant is mostly determined by the likelihood of the disease returning – which is affected by the patient’s general health, some of the leukaemia’s features, and the risk factors.

Whereas for Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma and Multiple Myeloma, factors including age, overall health, stage and growth speed of the disease will determine the risks and benefits of having a transplant. The doctor will thus determine whether a transplant is an option.


    There are three main groups of blood cancer: leukaemia, lymphoma and myeloma. So when people talk about ‘blood cancer’ it could be any of these that affect the blood, lymphatic system and bone marrow. Unfortunately, blood cancer affects many people.


    There are more than 70 blood disorders treatable by a bone marrow transplant, for more information about your condition, do check with your doctor. This section includes 3 blood disorders.


When it comes to deciding on the best treatment, it all depends on what type of blood disease you have, how advanced and aggressive it is and your general health. Your doctor will suggest the most effective course of treatment for you.

Common treatments are chemotherapy, radiotherapy and, in some cases, a stem cell or bone marrow transplant.

This is where we can help.

Getting a bone marrow transplant

A life-threatening diagnosis such as leukaemia or lymphoma can be devastating; patients and their loved ones are unsure of what to do or where to turn to for help. The resources here are intended to provide information for newly diagnosed patients whose doctors advise them that they will need a bone marrow transplant.

Less than one in three patients can find this sibling match.
Less than one in three patients can find this sibling match.

FAQs for patients


Finding a match

The search process is activated immediately the BMDP receives a request for the transplant centre containing the details of Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) markers of the patient. These HLA markers are found in almost every cell of the body and are used to identify a matching donor for each patient.

The new blood stem cells can be donated from someone else – either from an adult donor’s blood or bone marrow or from umbilical cord.


Preparing for Transplant

For a patient receiving the transplant, the following will occur in advance of the procedure:
Prior to the transplant, the bone marrow transplant team will complete an extensive evaluation. All other treatment options are discussed and evaluated for risk versus benefit.
A complete medical history and physical examination are performed, including multiple tests to evaluate the patient's blood and organ functions (for example, heart, kidney, liver, and lungs).
A patient will often come into the transplant centre up to 10 days prior to transplant for hydration, evaluation, placement of the central venous line, and other preparations.
Once a match for a patient needing a bone marrow transplant is found, stem cells will then be collected either by a bone marrow harvest or peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) collection.


In Singapore, Bone Marrow Transplants are currently offered at six local hospitals and more details can be found on their respective websites.

  • hotspital-singhealth
    Singapore General HospitalHaematology CentreOutram Road

    Singapore 169608

    Haematology Centre

    Block 7 Level 2

    Tel: +65 6321 4722
    Visit website

  • hospital-nuh
    National University Hospital
    5 Lower Kent Ridge Road

    Singapore 119074

    Department Haematology – Oncology
    Visit website

    National University Children’s Medical Institute
    Visit website

  • hospital-kk
    KK Women’s and Children’s HospitalDepartment of Paediatric Subspecialists100 Bukit Timah Road

    Singapore 229899

    Tel: +65 6225 5554
    Visit website

  • hospital-me
    Mount Elizabeth – OrchardHaematology & Stem Cell Transplant Centre
    3 Mount Elizabeth

    Singapore 228510

    Tel: +65 6737 2666

    Visit website

  • hospital-me
    Mount Elizabeth – Novena Specialist Centre
    38 Irrawaddy Road

    #05-50 to 55

    Singapore 329563

    Tel: +65 6684 5522

    Children’s Haematology & Cancer Centre
    Visit website

  • hospital-raffles
    Raffles Hospital
    585 North Bridge Road

    Raffles Hospital

    Level 10-00

    Singapore 188770

    Tel: +65 6311 2300
    Visit website

Project Tomorrow Inspiring Stories

Project Tomorrow – Alvin

He did (Alvin)

Her son didn’t get a bone marrow donor (Alvin)

Project Tomorrow – Jo

He did – Jo

He didn’t get a bone marrow donor (Jo)

Voices from our donors

Shalini & Stacey’s stories

Zhi Ming & Dave’s stories

Farhan & Luke Fong’s stories

Valerie & Reza’s stories

Josephine & Bob’s stories